Where to buy a house next year? First look at the six major trends in the city of China
geshanglicai· 2016-12-11 16:31:53
Beijing comprehensive index of environmental indicators despite being a drag, but in addition to large economies, thanks to its excellent quality, more in social indicators than any other city. The number of world heritage, intangible cultural heritage, cultural relic protection units, museums, art galleries, theaters and other non comparable City, resulting in the quality of life, the inheritance and the exchange of two items in the rankings are ranked first in the country.
Shanghai economic and environmental items ranked all over Beijing and the comprehensive index finished second, because compared with Beijing, Shanghai has a considerable gap in the inheritance and the exchange, in terms of the quality of life in a row after Beijing.
Shenzhen over Guangzhou and became a national catch up from behind, the development of city comprehensive ranking of the third, "North Canton as the north deep, what is the reason?
more data and analysis of the following text:
city Chinese urbanization speed up in March after more than 20 years, is in a transitional period. Jointly compiled by the national development and Reform Commission of development and planning and the Urban Institute "Cloud River comprehensive development index Chinese City 2016" showed that numerous appearances during this period, the development of city, the six merged trend spectacular. Including the
of these six trends:
population and economy becomes to the big city cluster poly
city development level and the degree of openness is closely related to
can go far in the future depends on the innovation ability of the city has a balanced development of the concept of
city ranking more forward
attach importance to the development of green city more attractive
in order to enrich the cultural connotation of the city has gradually become the new trend of
experts pointed out in the report, although the China city comprehensive development has made great progress, but the domestic inter city development imbalance, even leading the China economy ahead of the Pearl River Delta, Yangtze River Delta and Beijing, Tianjin city group of three, compared with the advanced city in the world still exist a considerable gap. Of course, this will also become China's cities and the future of China's economy further development of the driving force.
: one of the trends of population and economy grew into a big city cluster of poly
"comprehensive development index Chinese City 2016" display, to the Pearl River Delta, Yangtze River Delta and Beijing Tianjin Hebei three big city group as the representative of the China city group, with huge open space and the development of energy detonated large-scale population flow.
in the China prefecture level and 295 above the city, 116 city resident population size than household population, the number of non permanent resident population of Shanghai, Beijing and Shenzhen were respectively 9 million 873 thousand, 8 million 186 thousand and 7 million 457 thousand, as the three largest population into the city. At the same time, there are 179 city resident population of less than three of the population, the city of Chongqing, Zhoukou, Shangqiu, the outflow of population reached 3 million 838 thousand, 3 million 564 thousand and 3 million 450 thousand, as the three largest city population outflow.
this group of data not only reflects the severity of the scale of China's population mobility, but also means that the background of urbanization in the context of population movements have a profound impact on every city. Professor Zhou Muzhi in an interview with the Outlook Weekly reporter said.
and the floating population of the population into the map of the Pearl River Delta, Yangtze River Delta and Beijing Tianjin Hebei three city gathering trend is more obvious.
Pearl River Delta city group (9 City): resident population of 57 million 634 thousand people, accounting for the city (prefecture level and above, a total of 295, the same below) 4.5% of the total population of
; Yangtze River Delta city group (26 city): resident population of 150 million 481 thousand people, accounting for 11.8%;
(Beijing and Tianjin city group 10 city): resident population of 89 million 474 thousand people, accounting for 7%.
three major urban population resident population accounted for 23.4% of the national level and above the total population of the city.
"2016" China city comprehensive development index of resident population and household population comparative analysis, the resident population of the country more than 295 prefecture level and above city household population in the top 30 rankings, with 17 seats is the three largest city group city, Shanghai, Beijing, which is Shenzhen, Dongguan, Tianjin, Guangzhou, Suzhou, Foshan 8 city three city groups. These three cities have been accepted by 25 million 699 thousand, 2182.5 and 12 million 594 thousand non resident population, a total of more than 60 million of the net inflow of population.
"comprehensive development index Chinese City 2016" members of the group, NBS Financial Secretary Zhang Zhongliang will inflow and outflow compared to the peaks and valleys of city population, he said: "there are depicted dazzling peaks, more subsidence of the canyon. Moreover, the dazzling peaks more dazzling, subsidence of the canyon continues to sink is not necessarily a small probability event. "
, of course, is not a small probability event. Because of the great migration of the population to the big cities, the Chinese economy also appears to the urban agglomeration, especially the trend of the three major urban agglomeration. According to the "
2016" Chinese city comprehensive development index, GDP scale of the Pearl River Delta city group has reached 5 trillion and 800 billion yuan (RMB, same below), the Yangtze River Delta city group reached 12 trillion and 700 billion yuan, Beijing and Tianjin city group is 6 trillion and 100 billion yuan, the three big city group together to create a national 36.2% GDP. Three big city group has become the three engine leading the development of China's economy.
Chinese appeared the trend and the trend of urbanization in the world.
according to Professor Zhou Muzhi, in 2015 the global urbanization rate rose to 54%, the city's population reached 3 billion 960 million people. Predicted that by 2030, the rate of urbanization will climb to 60%, the city's population will reach about 5 billion 100 million people. By 2050, the rate of urbanization in developed countries will reach 85.4%, the rate of urbanization in developing countries will also rise to 63.4%.
thus, the trend of big city in the world in the process of urbanization group has intensified. Zhou Muzhi pointed out that the city group refers to the city as the center, through the high-speed traffic network complex city integrated city continuous region. Large urban agglomeration is an important platform for international trade and exchange, with a large population size and a large number of industrial clusters with different characteristics. The big city is representative of the current global group
has formed with New York, Washington and Boston as the center of the northeastern United States of the Atlantic coastal city group in Tokyo, Osaka, and Nagoya as the center of Japan's Pacific City group.
Japan's Pacific City group includes the Tokyo metropolitan area, Nagoya metropolitan area and Kinki metropolitan area consisting mainly of the city continuous belt, a large city in Tokyo, Yokohama, Kawasaki, Saitama, Nagoya, Kyoto, Osaka and Kobe 8 cities with more than one million small and numerous in the city, the size of the population reached 75 million 470 thousand, accounting for the Japanese national 60% of the population, with 21.4% of the land area has created 66% of the Japanese manufacturing industry and the added value of 62.4% GDP.
in China, the population and the economy to the big city cluster together, has reflected the Chinese city development differentiation. Zhang Zhongliang pointed out that behind the differentiation of urban development, is the allocation of resources, population mobility and economic growth of differentiation. "Before we are all on the road, although some are running, some are walking, but now there is some continue to run, some continue to go, and some have stopped not to go. "He said.
Zhou Muzhi further pointed out that the city scale influence on economic efficiency is more and more important, especially with the city infrastructure level and management level, to benefit more and more obvious agglomeration and improve economic efficiency, rich city life. At the same time, as a negative effect of agglomeration, it is not only possible to cause large urban diseases, the macro industry and the population of the excessive concentration will lead to regional disparities as the representative of the country's uneven development of land and other issues.
and this is a new issue facing China's urbanization.
trend of two: the level of urban development and the degree of openness is closely related to the cause of the rapid development of the three cities of the major cities, to be attributed to the continued for more than 30 years of opening up, as well as by the opening of the big exchanges. Zhang Zhongliang described the "stop and go" of the city, most of the open degree is still not high, and the weakness of the external communication.
in the "top 20 city comprehensive development index Chinese City 2016" arrangement, 5 special economic zones and the first batch of 14 open coastal city, there are 9 among them, namely Shanghai, Shenzhen, Guangzhou, Tianjin, Ningbo, Qingdao, Xiamen, Dalian, Fuzhou. Three cities in the group, there are 11 in the top 20, of which 3 Pearl River Delta, the Yangtze River delta 6, Beijing, Tianjin and 2. These comprehensive development of the city, all of which have continued to open, and the international market to achieve a large exchange, big integration, the characteristics of large transactions.
according to the "comprehensive development index Chinese City 2016" to provide data analysis:
in the business environment, the country's top 12 in the city, three city groups accounted for 10 seats, respectively, the Beijing Tianjin Hebei Beijing (first), Tianjin (seventh), the Yangtze River Delta, Shanghai (second), Hangzhou (sixth), Nanjing (ninth), Ningbo (eleventh), Suzhou (twelfth), the Pearl River Delta, Guangzhou (third), Shenzhen (fourth), Dongguan (Tenth). Another two seats for the southwest opening of the city of Chongqing (fifth) and Chengdu (eighth) according to.
in terms of openness, ranked in the top 20 city, three city groups occupy 15 seats. Among them, Shanghai, Beijing, Shenzhen, according to first, second and third.
in exchange, the top 20 city, three city groups occupy 10 seats, 6 seats including the Yangtze River Delta, Beijing Tianjin Hebei accounted for 2 seats, 2 seats in Pearl River Delta, Shanghai, Beijing and Shenzhen were first, second and third.
three cities group led China's open economy, the exchange of economy, China's economic transformation and upgrading of the task.
as an important indicator of foreign investment in the use of foreign capital, the actual use of foreign capital in the Pearl River Delta accounted for 8.9% of the country's cities, the Yangtze River Delta accounted for 23.5%; Beijing, Tianjin and 11.9%. The three largest cities accounted for 44.3% of the country's cities.
three cities in the proportion of industrial foreign enterprises, the Pearl River Delta is 27.6%, the Yangtze River Delta is 25.1%, Beijing, Tianjin and 18.6%, are far higher than the national average of 295 cities in 14.4%.
in terms of exports, according to customs statistics of goods exports, the Pearl River Delta city group for the country's total exports of 23.7% of the city, the Yangtze River Delta accounted for 44%; Beijing, Tianjin and 5.5%. The three largest urban agglomeration created a total of 73.2% of the country's urban exports.
"city goods exports diagram of
International Conference in three city groups held the number, total is accounted for 80.2% of the city.
Zhou Muzhi, Professor, said that in the era of globalization, the global supply chain is not only to seek the production of low-cost, but also the pursuit of material, inventory and time of low cost. Therefore, all aspects of the global supply chain need to have a high degree of professionalism and flexibility and rapid response system. The three major cities of the construction of the port, airport, highway and high-speed rail, for the global supply chain in China's high efficiency operation to create a good traffic environment.
"2016" China city comprehensive development index shows that international airport passenger throughput of three big city group, the city's total of 43.6%; the total international airport cargo throughput accounted for 67.8% of the city; international container throughput of port container total national city 68.5%; number of high speed trips accounted for 48.7% of the city.
trend of the three: the future can go far depends on the city's innovative capacity
, the formation of China's big cities is to conform to the information revolution under the global manufacturing industry to re integrate the requirements of the product. However, in China, the world has been a situation of the global industrial products continue to depreciate, the value of knowledge products soared. Professor Zhou Muzhi said. In this context, the strong and weak innovation ability, knowledge and economic development of fast and slow, about a city, a country's future.
"China's urban comprehensive development indicators 2016" shows that the three major cities in China's urban innovation capacity is constantly upgrading, providing an important support for the development of knowledge economy.
2012 China's invention patent applications for the first time exceeded the United States ranked first in the world. In today's China's patent licensing amount, the three cities a total contribution of 58.9%, which accounted for 14.2% of the Pearl River Delta, the Yangtze River Delta accounted for 33.5%; Beijing, Tianjin and 11.2%. These three urban agglomeration is also the most concentrated areas of scientific research personnel, R&D accounted for nearly half of the country, 49.6%, of which the Pearl River Delta for the country's 12.5%, the Yangtze River Delta is 24.7%, Beijing, Tianjin and 12.3%. The number of listed companies reflects the number of high-quality enterprises, the Pearl River Delta accounted for 13.7% of the country; the Yangtze River Delta accounted for 29.3%; Beijing, Tianjin and 12%. The three largest cities accounted for 55% of the country's cities.
professor Zhou Muzhi analysis said that the best way to improve the contact effect is to promote the knowledge economy with different knowledge and cultural backgrounds of the people gathered in the same space, to achieve rapid and convenient communication and knowledge innovation. As a large city with a huge population and a large platform for communication with the world, it is the ideal space to achieve the diversity, accident and convenience of contact. He believes that as a big city of economic platform in knowledge economy era of communication, not only need to support the construction of the physical function of knowledge economy and trade, also need tolerance and diversity and can accommodate people from around the country and the world.
the four trends: there is the concept of balanced development of city ranking more forward
"comprehensive development index China City 2016" display, spatial equilibrium concept and principle of city development is gradually accepted by people and become a major trend. The central financial work leading group office of the deputy director, "China city comprehensive development index 2016" chief expert Yang Weimin believes that the spatial equilibrium is the unit in a certain space, the population (Society), economy, resources and environment of the three equilibrium. It is of great significance to establish the idea and principle of spatial equilibrium, to correctly understand and promote the harmonious development of the region, to promote the green urbanization, and to promote the harmonious development of human and nature.
"comprehensive development index of China's cities 2016" comprehensive development of the top three are Beijing, Shanghai, Shenzhen.
"2016" Chinese city comprehensive development index ranking 20
topped the list of Beijing City, the economic society ranked second, ranked first, ranking the twenty-third place position environment. Was dragged back the big environment of Beijing still ranked first, in addition to large economies, better quality, more due to its social indicators far exceeds the performance of other city. As a national political and cultural center and a historic city, the number of world heritage, intangible cultural heritage, cultural relic protection units, museums, art galleries, theaters and other non comparable City, resulting in the quality of life, the inheritance and the exchange of two items in the rankings are ranked first in the country.
Shanghai is the runner up with Beijing, be roughly the same. The economy ranked first in the country, the social environment ranked second, ranked fifth (environmental items in natural ecology and the environment quality of the two items in the row in the National City sixty-fourth and twenty-fourth). Shanghai economic and environmental items ranked all over Beijing and finished second, because compared with Beijing, Shanghai has a considerable gap in the inheritance and the exchange, in terms of the quality of life in a row after Beijing.
Shenzhen over Guangzhou and became a national catch up from behind, the development of city comprehensive ranking of the third, "North Canton as the North deep". The economic and social categories respectively in the third and eleventh items, and the environment ranked first, the spatial structure of the largest contribution items ranked third, followed by the environmental quality items ranked among the tenth.
ranking and Shenzhen ranked fourth in the Guangzhou economy, society and environment, ranking items were fourth, fifth, eleventh.
"comprehensive development index China City 2016" top city "space" is relative to "equilibrium", but "space imbalance" in most of the city still exist, some of them are very serious. Even the arrangement of the former city, but also to varying degrees, there is a problem of spatial imbalance. Such as Beijing's environmental ranking by comparison, and as a new city Shenzhen City, the social sports in the social governance index, only ranked 113rd in 295 in the city.
Yang Weimin pointed out that the deterioration of the ecological environment in some areas, is the local population size and economic development in order to improve the level of living beyond the local resources and environment carrying capacity, is a spatial imbalance. If we emphasize in place to achieve a well-off, to achieve modernization, it is impossible to stop this type of regional economic development based on the right to development, it can not reverse the deterioration of the ecological environment from the source.
can be said that the development of "spatial equilibrium" is not only a major trend in China's urban development, but also a common problem facing the future development of China's urban development.
trend of the five: attention to the green development of the city more attractive
development and environmental constraints have been plagued by the contradictions in China for decades, has not been able to effectively crack. "China's urban comprehensive development index 2016" shows that the ecological environment protection as the premise of the green development, cycle development of the concept is gradually becoming the mainstream of China's urban development.
"2016" China city comprehensive development index put forward many green operation indicators, these indicators constitute the basis of cycle development, such as environmental efforts, resource efficiency, economic structure, economic efficiency, city facilities etc.. Professor Zhou Muzhi said, and simply to encourage the "hard" indicators, such as GDP, railways, highways, building construction indicators are different, China's urban comprehensive development index is to promote the development of quality. Its pursuit of "green" is not a narrow sense of environmental factors, but highlights the broad concept of green development, behind the economic quality, spatial structure, quality of life and human society and other deep content.
integrated development of the city in the top 20, also is the basic performance in these areas is a good city, such as Shenzhen, Shanghai, Fuzhou, Guangzhou, Foshan, Xiamen, Suzhou 7 city and entered the environment ranked the top 20, including Shenzhen and Shanghai entered the top 10, both city model development and the environment.
is worth mentioning is ranked first in Beijing, ranking the environment has dropped out of the top 20. Beijing in the water endowment conditions are not good situation, in 49 small items in the environment there are still some is at the top of the city, such as the national environmental protection index (eighth), energy consumption per unit of GDP (third), public traffic network density (first), rail mileage (second) bus. With the volume index (second). The rate of afforestation covered area (third), gas penetration rate (first). But the environmental input fiscal revenue than (260th), the per capita water resources (208), air quality index (269th), PM2.5 index (269) and other indicators are arranged on the back. Here both the reasons for their lack of investment in environmental protection, but also has a serious impact on the surrounding environment pollution.
"comprehensive development index Chinese City 2016" comprehensive development of the top 20 rankings, there were two "collapse" area: one is as the cradle of Chinese civilization, history and culture, a large population of the Central Plains region, one is in the Northeast China heavy industry base.
the level of urbanization and the quality of urbanization in the Central Plains of the Central Plains of China was "double low" status. In Henan Province, for example, although a large population, but most of them are still distributed in the vast rural areas. Zhengzhou is the largest city in the Central Plains region, the comprehensive development and ranked twenty-sixth, which is the best performance of social sports rankings, ranking thirteenth. The economic items ranked twenty-third in the capital city is fairly good, but the environmental items ranked 246th, which ranked 280th of the environmental quality in the city in 295. Related to this, Zhengzhou rich historical and cultural relics, ranked fifteenth, but the number of international tourists is only ranked forty-eighth. Including business environment, openness and innovation and entrepreneurship three small index development items index, only ranked fortieth.
northeast only coastal city of Dalian ranked nineteenth in the overall ranking, the capital city of the northeast is no one to enter the top 20. Similar to Zhengzhou, social function and economic foundation of the capital city of the Northeast are still relatively good, such as Shenyang's social and economic items were ranked fourteenth and sixteenth. Collapse is the first performance in the environmental indicators, especially the poor performance of its natural ecological and environmental quality, ranking 185th and 190th.
worth mentioning is that Hulun Buir city in the country ranked third in the city environment, is the only city in the northern region of the top 20 into the environment.
in resource rich is known to the northeast, after decades of development, ecological and environmental quality of the "collapse" region has become a mode of development in the northeast city, resource development of the urgent need to upgrade.
Yang Weimin pointed out that China city development should adhere to the concept of ecological civilization, to promote the city green development, development cycle, low carbon development, as far as possible to reduce the interference and damage to the natural, economical and intensive use of land, water, energy and other resources; to attach great importance to ecological security, expanding forests, lakes, wetlands and other green space the proportion, enhance the ability of water conservation and environmental capacity; to improve the quality of the environment, reduce the total emissions of major pollutants, control the strength of development, enhance the ability to resist natural disasters and mitigation. "China's urban comprehensive development index 2016" put forward a lot of green indicators can be operated, each city should check the indicators in which there are gaps, to find the urban development efforts.
the six trends: the cultural connotation of the city has gradually become the new trend of full
if, in the process of urbanization in the past 20 years in the fast speed, the simple many professor Zhou Muzhi described as "encouraging" hard "indicators, such as GDP, railway, highway, building construction, city construction, building index" the city, expanding the city is, in the turning period of today, is the emergence of new trends in cultural construction enrich the connotation of city development, city driven development. In this
, three big city group city cultural construction and cultural accumulation is still ahead:
Public Library Collection: three city groups together accounted for 40.7% of the city, including the Pearl River Delta of Yangtze River Delta is 9%, 20.9%, Tianjin 10.8%.
Museum, Art Museum: three big city group accounted for 29.5%, 4.3% in the Pearl River Delta, Yangtze River Delta is 16.9%; Tianjin 8.5%.
theater number: three city groups accounted for 33.3%, 6.4% in the Pearl River Delta, Yangtze River Delta is 17.7%, Tianjin 9.5%.
Stadium: three big city group accounted for 71.6%, 8% for the Pearl River Delta; Yangtze River Delta accounted for 16.3%; Tianjin 47.1%.
zoo, botanical garden, aquarium number: three city groups accounted for 26.3% of the Pearl River Delta, Yangtze River Delta is 6.1%, 13.5%, Tianjin 6.7%.
World Heritage number: three city groups accounted for 26.6% of the Pearl River Delta, Yangtze River Delta is 1.3%, 11.4%, Tianjin 13.9%. Effect of
culture brings to the city development of the immeasurable, only to the tourism industry as an example, the three big city group inbound foreign tourists accounted for the total number of the city accounted for 53.22%, the number of domestic tourists accounted for 27.28% of the total city.
" Chinese analysis of inbound tourist city comprehensive development index 2016 "by the radiation force concept city in a function for external use degree.
in the cultural and sports radiation force in the top 8 cities, there are three belong to the 6 major cities, including Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, the top 3.
"culture and sports analysis of higher education ranked
radiation radiation force before 2 is Beijing, Shanghai, and in the radiation technology top 30 city, three city groups accounted for 18 seats, the top 5 in Beijing Shenzhen, Guangzhou, Shanghai, and Suzhou, are the three big city group city.
analysis of radiation technology does not attach importance to cultural construction, do not attach importance to cultural heritage, cultural heritage is not good at dealing with the relationship between protection and utilization of the city, but not a soul, specious shell, is unlikely to have the development potential and future the. This is becoming the consensus of many cities in China.
can be seen from the above analysis, by virtue of "comprehensive development index Chinese City 2016" can be analyzed and evaluated more comprehensively and deeply on Chinese urbanization, provide more clear direction for Chinese city development. Chinese urbanization needs a set of benchmark and reference system in the macro can be used as the urbanization policy tool, can be used as the city planning in the starting point, and also can be used as the evaluation of the policy and planning dimensions. Peking University, Professor Zhou Qiren believes that the comprehensive development of China's urban indicators for the next round of China's urbanization provides a scientific indicator system of the 2016. On the basis of continuous improvement, but also on the formation of a new urbanization of the baton to provide a solid academic support. Class= img_box "content_img_p" id= "id_imagebox_6" class= =''>