Where is the threshold for the second tier cities?

Economics finance Guangdong Jiangsu

zhongqingwang· 2017-05-19 06:14:31

The essence of

urban development is population agglomeration. With the acceleration of urbanization in China, the population size of the central city is also growing.

is among the more between the city's economic and demographic indicators, is often to cities under the jurisdiction of the city to carry out, so a lot of GDP (GDP) actually includes the jurisdiction of subordinate counties and suburbs. But the size and radiation power of a city are mainly related to the population and economic scale of the central city.

, for example, Xiamen and Quanzhou in Southern Fujian, Quanzhou as the largest city in Fujian's economy, the total economic output is 1.75 times Xiamen, and the total population is two times more than Xiamen. But there are 7 counties and cities in Quanzhou, the total economic output and population mainly come from these cities and counties, the size of the central city is much smaller than that of Xiamen, so the radiation force to the surrounding area is also much smaller.

again, for example, the capital of Hebei, Baoding, has a population of about 11000000, but the urban population is about one million, just an ordinary three - line city.

so how do you calculate the population size of the downtown area? The calculations we see now are often calculated simply by city population, but urban areas, particularly in remote cities, tend to have large rural areas with large numbers of agricultural populations. Therefore, the urban population can not be calculated simply by city districts.

" issued in November 2014 by the State Council "on the adjustment of city size standards notice", refers to "urban districts and cities not divided into districts, the actual construction area, municipal government resident's connection to the residents' committee and other regional area. "And the urban areas within the rural areas are not included in urban areas.

China's urban construction statistics yearbook, published annually by the Ministry of housing and housing, is the most detailed statistics on the population of major cities. The first financial reporter, according to the Ministry of housing announced the "2015 City Construction Statistics Yearbook", according to public information, statistics found out, to 2015, 36 of the existing city center city population exceeded 2 million mark, 85 city more than 1 million mark.

needs to explain that, because of the problem of statistical caliber, the data of some cities is worth discussing. First financial reporter reference public information, carried out a certain degree of correction.

36 city's population over 2 million, 12 cities over 5 million

statistics show that there are currently 36 city of the urban population of more than 2 million, the city, in addition to Linyi and Luoyang, the other is a second tier city, the radiation stress of large surrounding. Visible, the central city population of 2 million, is an important threshold of second tier cities.

Chinese Academy of Social Sciences Urban Development and environmental research center, the former director of Niu Fengrui told the first financial reporter, urban development is the essence of population concentration, to a certain extent, will produce spillover. The size of population agglomeration, often determines the city's external radiation capabilities, as well as the development of other industries based on population size.

, for example, is rail transportation also closely related to the size of the city?. In the 36 cities with a population of over 2 million in the central city, all other cities except Linyi have been allowed to build the subway.

from the distribution of the 36 provinces, city, municipality in four municipalities directly under the central government, Guangdong, Jiangsu, Shandong, 3, Zhejiang, Fujian, Liaoning and Henan each have 2, 1, Hubei, Hunan and other 15 provinces, are the capital. This is also China's current major cities in the second tier distribution pattern.

in general, non capital city, has a population of more than 2 million mark of the city, mainly located in coastal areas, including Dalian, Qingdao, Ningbo, Xiamen and Shenzhen belong to the five municipalities, sub provincial city, Suzhou, Wuxi, Dongguan is a typical export-oriented city, Linyi Shandong total the most populous cities, the whole area of Linyi reached about 11000000 people, the urban population of more than 2 million is also reasonable. The only capital city in the central and western regions is Luoyang, the famous ancient capital, the second largest city in Henan, a large population province.

at the forefront, the four major cities in the north, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, the central city, the population has exceeded the 10 million mark, these 4 cities belong to super large cities. Among them, the Shanghai urban population of more than 20 million, Beijing is also close to 19 million, the two cities far ahead of other cities. By contrast, the population of the city's two urban areas is much smaller than that of Beijing and Shanghai, with 12 million 470 thousand and 11 million 380 thousand respectively.

after the four major cities, Tianjin and Chongqing are two municipalities, the urban population of more than 8 million 500 thousand, and in the future, these two cities are also most likely to enter the ranks of mega cities. Wuhan, in the middle, is seventh, with a population of 6 million 750 thousand. Nanjing's urban population is also over 6 million. The urban population of Chengdu, Hangzhou, Zhengzhou and Shenyang is over 5 million.

, that is to say, there are now 12 cities with a population of more than 5 million centers. Of these 12 cities, except Shenzhen, Hangzhou and Zhengzhou, the other 9 cities are among the ten largest cities.

Ding Changfa, an associate professor of economics at the Xiamen University, is the first financial analyst to analyze the central areas of the traditional planned economy, such as northwest, central and Northeast China, with higher administrative levels. At present, China's major resources, such as finance, education, medical care, culture and other resources

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