Experts: the East China Sea direction of the ocean situation has deteriorated
mierjunshi· 2016-05-11 23:21:03
in recent years, China's maritime rights are faced with the increasingly complex situation. The direction of the East China Sea, the marine situation there is a gradual deterioration of the trend. Japan stepped up to seek the ban collective self-defense, a substantial adjustment of military security policy. The direction of the South China Sea, the Sea dispute and the crisis continues to ferment. The United States from behind the jump to the front of the stage, began to intervene directly in China and its neighboring countries in the South China Sea dispute and openly opposed China's maritime claims, and pull rope Japan, Australia and other foreign countries involved in the South China Sea issue, trying to form China "encirclement" trend. The neighboring countries in the South China Sea in American instigation continue to take a provocative move, trying to will the South China Sea issue "internationalization" ASEAN ", will its occupation of the islands and the status of fixed and legalization. < p > in the face of increasingly severe and complicated the situation on the sea, the the people's Republic of China national economy and social development thirteenth five years (in 2016 and 2020) plan "(hereinafter referred to as the" compendium ") for China's future maritime rights work provides four ideas: P
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Diaoyu Islands < p > the first, multi pronged approach to dealing with maritime tort. The "Outline" points out that strengthening the capacity building of maritime law enforcement agencies, deepening the historical and legal research on issues related to the sea, and the use of various means to maintain and expand the national maritime rights and interests, and properly respond to maritime tort. The surrounding waters of our country the core of the dispute is a dispute islands territorial sovereignty and maritime delimitation. To solve these problems requires both full sovereignty over islands and reefs of the historical evidence, and need to correctly apply the rules of international law. Therefore, further study of related historical and legal problems, do a good job in future maritime disputes are submitted again international judicial or quasi judicial procedures of the legal plans, will be a difficult task for a period of time in the future in our country's maritime rights. In the aspect of law enforcement, the United States in our neighboring military action involving and protection of infrastructure construction, the aggravation of the neighboring countries of maritime tort, trigger and the South China Sea and the arbitration of international attention and the pressure of public opinion, to our maritime law enforcement brought new difficulties and challenges. China's maritime law enforcement capacity needs to be upgraded, law enforcement means and methods also need more flexible and flexible. At the same time, stick to and maintenance of existing marine interests at the same time, also need to long-term development vision to expand China's maritime rights and interests space, continue to promote the construction of the reefs, proactive planning and promote the development of marine resources and environment protection engineering, and actively explore the strategic interests of waters beyond national jurisdiction, increased in response to his country's maritime tort chip, master the initiative in the struggle to the sea.
second, take the initiative to assume international obligations, and actively build the international order. "Outline" reflects China's "and the world" concept, showing a positive commitment to international responsibilities and obligations, to provide international public goods big mind. China should not only be committed to maintaining public security, strengthening international cooperation in maritime counter-terrorism and non-proliferation, but also to safeguard the freedom of navigation and maritime safety in the waters of China's jurisdiction. "Freedom of navigation" is one of the hot topics in recent years of public opinion. Led by the United States frequently in the South China Sea on the grounds of freedom of navigation freedom to openly deny China's maritime claims, interfere with the exercise of China's sovereignty and jurisdiction. In fact, freedom of navigation in the South China Sea, in particular, is not a problem for the shipping and trade of ships. Our country should provide the public goods and services, which are to protect the navigation freedom and safety of navigation channel. For the field of deep-sea, polar and marine environmental protection, maritime safety in ongoing negotiations and rulemaking process, China should actively participate in and play a leading role, will be included in the future global and regional ocean order of our country is in the strategic interest of the ocean.
third, open and development, pragmatic cooperation. The "Outline" clearly put forward the concept of open development, emphasis on "The Belt and Road construction" as a guide, rich connotation of opening up, improve the level of opening up, promote collaborative strategic mutual trust, investment and trade cooperation, cultural exchanges, efforts to form a mutually beneficial cooperation pattern of the depth of integration, create a new situation of opening up. In the ocean, we should enhance the strength and level of economic and trade diplomacy, and actively promote the construction of the maritime Silk Road and its strategic fulcrum in twenty-first Century, to create an international shipping influence of the maritime Silk Road index. Economic advance, gradually widening and perfect with neighboring countries, dialogue and cooperation mechanism, actively promote the pragmatic cooperation in maritime search and rescue, disaster prevention and mitigation, oceanographic research and marine environmental protection, lanes and the, expanding offshore China and neighboring countries of common interests.
fourth, to strengthen top-level design, improve the marine legislation. Our country related Sea sector more, yet clear responsibilities between the decision-making departments, departments of practice is the need to integrate resources, division of labor and cooperation, between different departments and agencies should also be continue to improve the suggestions and communication and coordination mechanism, extensive collection of public opinion, give full play to the wisdom of the masses, the various functional departments, institutions and scholars can perform their duties, each in its place. "Outline" will make the ocean basic law put on the agenda. This will be the last two years promulgated the "national security law", "the sea floor area of regional resources exploration and development law", China's marine areas and a major event. Marine safety is one of the key aspects of our national security, ocean basic law is an effective safeguard the important guarantee of China's territorial sovereignty and maritime safety and rights and for promoting the formulation and implementation of the national marine development strategy, strengthening comprehensive marine management, marine and raising the people's awareness, and promote the marine industry overall health and rapid development is of great significance.
the next 5 years is the golden period of China's maritime power and the construction of the maritime Silk Road, challenges and opportunities coexist. "Compendium" in depth to feel the pulse of our country faces the sea situation based, strategic and overall proposed ideas and guidelines, opened a new journey of China's maritime rights enforcement, will create a new situation in the construction of maritime power.