Turkey plans to send troops to Libya

Mediterranean Tripoli

cankaoxiaoxi· 2020-01-05 17:52:46

▲ Video source: Xinhua International

The Turkish parliament voted on January 2 to pass a resolution on sending troops to Libya. This means that the Turkish government is authorized to send troops to Libya. On the same day, leaders of the two countries talked on the phone to discuss issues such as the situation in Libya.

Analysts believe that the situation in Libya is deeply affected by the game of big powers. Turkey ’s troop troop may cause the powers of the big powers to intensify, and the situation in Libya will be “chaotic.”

Considerations for Turkish troops

According to the bill passed by the Turkish Parliament, the deployment time of the Turkish army in Libya will be one year, and the Turkish government will determine the timing of the military deployment And the size and scope of the deployment.

The bill states that developments in Libya threaten Turkish interests and sending troops will help prevent the "illegal mass immigration threat" and prevent "the formation of an environment conducive to terrorist organizations and armed groups."

▲ On January 2, Turkish President Erdo Ann speaks in the capital Ankara. Xinhua News Agency / Reuters

Soon after the bill was passed, Turkish Presidential Palace issued a statement saying that Turkish President Erdogan and U.S. President Trump talked on the phone to discuss the situation in Libya and Syria. Address the importance of regional issues and agree to strengthen cooperation.

On the same day, the Libyan National High Council, which is headquartered in Tripoli, the Libyan capital, issued a statement welcoming the passing of the military bill by the Turkish Parliament. Earlier, Erdogan stated that at the request of the Libyan Government of National Unity, the Turkish government will send troops to Libya after obtaining the authorization of the Turkish Parliament.

Libya ’s government of national unity is one of Libya ’s two major separatist opposing forces, and the armed forces supporting it control part of the western part of the country including Tripoli.

Turkey has close relations with the Libyan government of national unity. On November 27, 2019, the two sides signed a memorandum of understanding on "Maritime Jurisdiction" in the Mediterranean, and Turkey obtained a larger exclusive economic zone in the Eastern Mediterranean.

▲ On January 2, in Ankara, Turkey, MP Attend emergency meetings. Xinhua News Agency / Reuters

Analysts believe that the purpose of sending troops in Turkey is to protect economic interests in Libya and expand its influence on the Mediterranean coast. At the same time, Turkey also intends to use Libya as a fulcrum to hedge the influence of Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and other countries in the Middle East.

The war in Libya is likely to escalate

Even though Turkey ’s proposal to send troops to Libya is passed, Turkey ’s main opposition party, the Republican People ’s Party, the “Good Party” and the People ’s Democratic Party This objected, saying that Turkey should use diplomatic means rather than military involvement in the Libyan conflict.

The Egyptian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, in its strongest terms, has condemned the Turkish parliament for passing a troop motion, saying that Turkey will bear full responsibility for the negative impact of this move on the stability of the Mediterranean region. Greece, Israel and Cyprus claim that Turkey's move threatens regional stability and will lead to an escalation of the Libyan conflict, a violation and destruction of UN resolutions and the international community's peaceful efforts.

Wang Jinyan, associate researcher of the Institute of West Asian and African Studies of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, believes that if Turkey sends troops to support the Libyan government of national unity, Egypt, the United Arab Emirates and other countries supporting Libya ’s other separatist opposition to the "National Army" will not ignore it , Will also increase support for the "National Army".

The "National Army" controls the eastern part of Libya. Since April 2019, it has launched military operations against Tripoli, the capital in the west, and has been engaged in armed exchanges with the government that controls the national unity there.

▲ December 2, 2019, in the capital of Libya In southern Tripoli, government soldiers walked past the conflict zone. Xinhua News Agency (photo by Hamza Turkia)

The "National Army" is supported by countries such as Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates, while the government of national unity is supported by countries such as Qatar and Turkey.

Faruk Logoglu, a former senior diplomat in Turkey, believes that Turkish military intervention will only prolong internal conflicts in Libya and undermine peace and stability in Libya.

Wang Jinyan said that Libya is strategically located and has abundant oil and gas resources. Since ancient times, it has been a battleground for big countries. External forces have greatly affected the situation in Libya. Judging from the comparison of the strengths of the two parties in the country, they are not enough to defeat the other side and unify the whole country by their own strength. No matter which side wins in the future with the help of external forces, peace and reunification in Libya will be a long-term problem, and the game of big powers in Libya will also exist for a long time.

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