What is the difference between a college and a university? 99% of the people do not understand!
gaokaozhitongche· 2016-05-26 17:37:40
why some schools at the end of the University, and some schools are in the end of the school, the two have any difference? Believe that many parents have the same problem, the difference between University and college where? < p > official statement < the higher education law of the people's Republic of China stipulates, universities and colleges should have strong teaching, scientific research strength, higher teaching and scientific research level and the corresponding scale to implementation of undergraduate and postgraduate education. Overall, the "University" than "Institute" requirements. But this does not mean that "College" is better than "College", in some professional disciplines, some "College" teaching and scientific research level may be higher than some of the "University" of the same professional. < according to the Ministry of education in September 2006 28 released the ordinary undergraduate course school setting Interim Provisions "(teach  No. 18) and 2006 September 26, education department issued the Ministry of education on the" Eleventh Five Year "period of common colleges and universities set up work opinions" (teach  No. 17), the main difference between universities and colleges are: University: the scale of full-time students should in more than 8000 people, college graduate student number is not less than 5% of the total number of full-time students. College: full-time students should be in the scale of more than 5000 people. < p > A, the differences between disciplines
1, in the Humanities (PHILOSOPHY, literature, history), social sciences, economics, law, education), science, engineering, agriculture, medicine, management, and other disciplines, known as college should have one or more disciplines as main subject, called the university should have three or more disciplines as the main subject.
2, known as College of the main disciplines should be able to cover the subject categories more than three professional; said for the University of each of its major disciplines in undergraduate professional should be able to cover the subject categories more than three disciplines, each major disciplines of full-time undergraduate students were not less than 15% of the school full-time undergraduate students in the total number of, and at least two masters degrees awarded points. School of ordinary undergraduate professional total at least 20 or more. < p > 2, teachers of different
1, ordinary undergraduate course school should have strong teaching, scientific research strength, the total number of full-time teachers should generally be the student teacher ratio is not higher than 18: 1. Concurrently, the number of teachers should be no more than a quarter of the total number of full-time teachers in the school.
2, known as the school in the first period the total number of full-time teachers is not less than 280. Full-time teachers to have postgraduate qualifications of teachers accounted for the proportion of the total number of full-time teachers should not be less than 30%, with deputy senior professional and technical positions above the number of full-time teachers in general should not be less than 30% of the total number of full-time teachers, which has is the position of Professor full-time teachers shall be not less than 10 people. The public compulsory courses and professional basic courses, should at least were equipped with deputy senior professional and technical positions above the full-time teachers, two people; the required courses, at least should respectively equipped with deputy senior professional and technical positions above the full-time teachers; each professional with at least with a senior special industry and technical positions of the full-time teachers 1.
3, said University full-time teachers with graduate student degree personnel ratio should reach more than 50%, which has doctorate full-time teachers accounted for the proportion of the total number of full-time teachers should generally be reached more than 20%; with count of full-time teachers in senior professional and technical positions, the general should be not less than 400 people, among which is the position of Professor of full-time teachers should generally be not less than 100 people.
three, the difference between the infrastructure
1, land. Ordinary university student area should reach 60 square meters. At the beginning of the school campus covers an area of 500 acres or more should be reached.
2, construction area. Ordinary university student should reach the building area of more than 30 square meters. Called for the school's college. At the beginning of the founding of the total construction area should be not less than 15 million square meters; ordinary university student teaching and scientific research administration space, science, engineering, agriculture and medicine class should be not less than 20 square meters, humanities and Social Sciences, management class should not be less than 15 square meters, sports, art class should be not less than 30 square meters.
3, instrument and equipment. The value of ordinary undergraduate student teaching and research equipment science, engineering, agriculture, medicine and normal colleges should be not less than 5000 yuan, the humanities, the social sciences colleges should not be less than 3000 yuan, sports, art class colleges and universities should be not less than 4000 yuan.
4, books. General undergraduate school student suitable books, science, engineering, agriculture and medicine class should be not less than 80 copies, humanities, social sciences and normal colleges should be not less than 100 copies, sports, art classes should be not less than 80 copies. Schools should build a modern electronic book system and computer network service system.
5, internships, training places. Ordinary undergraduate schools must have the corresponding teaching practice, practice base. In science, engineering, agriculture and Forestry Department of professional education schools should have required for teaching practice factories and agricultural (Forestry) field and fixed production practice base; mainly in the professional education of normal college school should have Affiliated Experimental School or fixed practice school; to medical specialty education based school shall at least a directly affiliated hospitals and for teaching hospital. < 4, teaching and scientific research level < University and college should have strong teaching force and higher teaching level, in the organization of the Ministry of education assessment of the level of teaching, evaluation conclusion should be "good" more. And the University also need to meet the following criteria:
1, in the near two teaching results in the selection of at least 2 or more projects have won the national one or two prize or provincial first prize.
2, the level of scientific research meet the following criteria: (1) < nearly 5 annual research funding, mainly to the humanities and Social Sciences School should at least reach 500 million yuan, other types of universities should at least reach 30 million yuan; < p > (2) in the past 5 years research results obtained above the provincial level (including provincial and ministerial level) award 20, which should have at least two national awards; < p > (3) is provided with at least above the provincial level (including the provincial and ministerial level) Key Laboratory of two key disciplines and 2; < p > (4) generally should be at least 10 graduate with, and there are over 5 sessions of graduates.
college, Career Technical College, the difference?
higher vocational school is to be approved by the State Ministry of education to set up, carry out the college education of ordinary higher school. < p > according to the relevant provisions of the Ministry of education, normal, medical, security specialist level full-time ordinary institutions of higher learning should standardize names suffix for "College". (such as Quanzhou Medical College, Fujian Infant Normal College School) < rather than normal, non-medical, non public security college level full-time ordinary institutions of higher learning should be gradually standardize names ending in the suffix "Vocational and technical college or vocational college. < p > < / P > < p > < Br? < "type" difference in general, higher vocational colleges have three types: < first class is the specialty of higher vocational colleges. This is a part of "211" key universities, also a part of colleges and universities.
second category is public higher vocational colleges. These colleges and universities recruit students number, higher vocational education for a long time, there are certain advantages in vocational education and employment.
third category is private higher vocational colleges, the state recognized qualifications, but higher tuition fees. < p >? < / P > < p > < br from the principles of macro < enter oneself for an examination in higher vocational colleges can be considered is the big city four
first principle. There is no discrimination against small and medium cities. Compared with the small and medium-sized cities, large cities of more information, employment opportunities are more, the purpose of school is to expand the field of vision. In the big cities also have the distinction, for example, Guangdong, Zhejiang's industry is relatively developed, Beijing, Shanghai's service industry is relatively concentrated.
the second principle is the scale. Ten thousand people around the middle size may be relatively appropriate. From the perspective of educational economics, a university, from the perspective of social economy, the optimal size is not more than 10 thousand people. Scale is too big, employment is very troublesome. The simple reason is a school a year graduation five or six thousand people, where to digest? More important reason is that different from the universities and colleges of undergraduate course, higher vocational teaching equipment requirements are very high, no qualified teaching equipment that it is difficult to cultivate qualified personnel. Teacher is also a key factor. Schools can recruit a lot of students, if the teacher and equipment can not keep up, it is difficult to ensure the quality of teaching students.
the third principle is interest. Candidates in the general undergraduate voluntary reporting, experts are recommended to be mainly interested in. The same is a component of higher education, students enter oneself for an examination of higher vocational college volunteers, but also interested in. If you have no interest, students will learn the same. No matter what level, interest is the best teacher.
fourth principles are wide aperture. Like ordinary undergraduate students in higher vocational colleges, college students are not necessarily a lifetime career, it is likely that with the development of social and economic development, to turn to other industries. If the profession is too narrow, does not have the foundation of transformation, also does not have the ability of sustainable development. So be sure to look at the professional has a professional group as the background, there is no certain professional adaptability. In addition, the selection of professional also have to see "deep", it should be the future development of the community of Chaoyang business, rather than the current hot career.
fill volunteer time, parents should take a good look at oh! The word difference, separated by thousands of miles! Is likely to affect the child's life oh! Third year high school small partners, but also to refuel oh! Let yourself have more opportunities to choose!
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