The eighty-sixth stage, reading unconventional people how to change the world?

How the Yangtze River

changjiangshangxueyuan· 2016-07-09 20:53:26


rational person to allow yourself to adapt to the world;
irrational people insist that the world to adapt to their own.
so all progress is dependent on non rational person.

people habitually think that only a few people will have a significant impact, most people will be mediocre. however, those people who change the world actually break the normal procedure, and you and I are not much different. Lincoln was not born with a more innovative spirit, but also not more courage to deal with controversy. As the thinker Dubois commented, "he is one of you, but he has become a Abraham Lincoln."



the Yangtze River school, long Xiaojiang to recommend Walton School of business Adam Grant (Adam Grant) written by professor from the " Through the centuries ". In this book, " a fun, liner, seeking innovators have appeared in the author's informative. I hope their stories and the out of the ordinary point of view, way to motivate buddies in the "deviant" delusion, immortal, bold and crafty.
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in the stock market, if you decided to conduct a risk investment, then you need to be careful of other investment to protect themselves. Coombs, in daily life, successful people treat risk too, they balance the risk in the portfolio. When the rush into danger in a field, we can use caution in other areas to reduce the overall risk level. If you want to gamble, then on the way to the casino, you may slow down below the speed limit.

risk combination can be used to illustrate why people are usually in the life of a performance was highly creative, while others are quite traditional.

T.S. Eliot (T.S. Eliot) representative of the "waste land" (The Waste Land) is regarded as one of the most important poetry in twentieth Century. But after its publication in 1922, Eliot had been working in a bank in London until 1925, because he didn't want to take any risks. Eliot, the novelist, Adas Hexley (Huxley Aldous) to his office after a visit to comment, is the most bank clerk of the people of the temperament of the people". When Eliot finally resigned from this post, he still did not own. In the next 40 years, he has been working in a publishing house, which makes his life stable and organized, in his spare time, he also wrote poetry. As the Polaroid (Polaroid) founder Edwin Rand (Edwin Land) said, " "no one can in a field that is entirely original unless, his attitude towards the other areas are fixed, resulting in emotional and social have a sense of security".

but the day of work is not fine disperse force we do what they do best thing?

common sense tells us that if you don't put a lot of time and effort, creative achievement is very difficult to achieve, if not concentrate on the hard work, the company will not thriving and prosperous. These assumptions ignore the important benefits of a balanced portfolio's risk: a sense of security in one area, so that we can be free to become innovators in another area. Able to cope with the basic living expenses, we will not be forced to survive the pressure to publish semi mature books, poor sales of art, or the establishment of a test of the company. Pierre Omidyar (Pierre Omidyar) founder of eBay (eBay), this is just one of his interest; after 9 months he has been doing the programmer'sjob, until the eBay revenue exceeds his salary, he resigned from the job before.

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the best entrepreneurs are not those who are seeking the maximum risk, but to minimize the risk of people.
- Linda Rothenberg
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balance risk portfolio does not mean to conservative, not to take too much risk. On the contrary, successful innovators take great risks in one area, but are extremely cautious in the other.

Sarah Blakley (Sara Blakely) to produce a novel method to produce - foot pantyhose at the age of 27. At that time, she had only $5000 in savings, and she was taking a great risk and investing all her savings to make her think. To balance the risk, she continued to do a full-time job of selling the fax machine for two years, using the evening and weekend time to make a product prototype. In order to save money, she personally wrote a patent application, rather than hiring a lawyer to write. When the Spanx underwear company successfully launched, she became the youngest female billionaire start empty-handed history.

100 years ago, when Henry Ford (Henry Ford) began to build his car empire, he is the chief engineer of the Edison Illuminating Company, which made him have enough time and money to do what he wants to do research the car. After the invention of the carburetor technology and patent rights in a year later, he continued to work at the Edison Illuminating Company for two years.

from Harvard and founded Microsoft's famous character Bill Gate is? When Gates sold a new software program at the sophomore year, he did not drop out of school, but waited a whole year before leaving school. Even then, he did not drop out of school, but to apply for a leave, get a formal approval of the school, but his parents gave him a sum of money, thus balancing the risk. Entrepreneur Rick Smith (Rick Smith) wrote: " "Bill Gate is not the world's most risk takers, more precisely, perhaps he should be regarded as the world's most adept at reducing the risk of people."

entrepreneurs and other people like
no risk
2; border-box; more and more evidence that entrepreneurs and other people do not love risk, although very few people put forward this conclusion, but in fact many economists sociologists. And psychologists have reached a consensus on this point.

in a study of more than 800 Americans on behalf of the study, entrepreneurs and employees are required from the following three they tend to choose to create a business:


(a) can get $5 million in revenue, with a success rate of 20%
(b) can get $2 million in revenue, a 50% success rate of
(c) can get $1 million 250 thousand in revenue, with a success rate of 80%

most entrepreneurs are more inclined to choose the last option is the insurance of A. regardless of income, wealth, age, gender, business experience, marital status, educational level, family size, the expected performance of other companies, the results are set up. The authors conclude, " "entrepreneur than ordinary people more risk averse".

these are preferences of entrepreneurs in the survey show, but when you follow them in the real world, you will be very clear that they just avoid huge risk. Economists found that in the youth period, the success of entrepreneurs to break the rules, to engage in illegal activities is almost three times the probability of their peers. However, when you take a closer look at the specific actions involved, you will find that those who successfully founded the company after that date actually only take a relatively small risk. When psychologists studied a group of American twins and Swedish citizens, they found the same results.

in all three study, those who become successful entrepreneurs have defied his parents at a young age, still stay in the curfew, truancy, stealing, gambling, drinking and marijuana use experience. But they are less likely to take part in more risky activities, such as drinking and driving, buying drugs or stealing valuable items. Regardless of their parents' socioeconomic status or family income, the results are set up. Style= box-sizing: "border-box

to become innovators, you have to try some new things, it means that you are more or less to take some risks. But the most successful innovators are not optimistic about the road of daredevil jump daredevil. They reluctantly gingerly walked on tiptoe to the edge of the cliff, calculate the rate of decline, and check their parachute, and prepare the safety net in the bottom of the cliff just in case.
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; a lot of entrepreneurs to take a lot of risk, but these are generally failed entrepreneurs, rather than a successful case.

Concerns about social pressures are not the criteria for distinguishing between innovators and non innovators. According to a comprehensive analysis of the 60 studies of more than 15000 entrepreneurs, those who are very few to please other people are not more likely to be entrepreneurs and their company's performance is not better. In politics, we also see the same pattern: hundreds of historians, psychologists and political scientists to evaluate the president of the United States, found that those who follow the wishes of the people, and in accordance with the former president as the convention. Those who have the courage to challenge the status quo, to improve the fate of the country's major change is often the most important presidential column. But these challenges are not related to whether they are playing at the bottom of their heart and care about public recognition and social harmony.

Abraham Lincoln (Abraham Lincoln) is generally regarded as the greatest American president. When experts sort the president according to "pleasing others, avoiding conflict", Lincoln scored the highest. During the civil war, he had to spend four hours a day in the office time with citizens and pardon deserters met. Prior to the signing of the Emancipation Proclamation, Lincoln had been troubled by the question of whether to abolish slavery for six months. He has doubts about whether he has the constitutional power to liberate slaves, worried that this decision may make him lose the support of the border states, fear that they will give up the fight, so that the whole country was in a state of fall apart.

but a free choice. Style= line-height: "

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