Inventory: the development of the world's big data and the opportunities faced by Beijing
dashujusiwei· 2016-07-27 16:08:46
! "Style=" max-width: 100% word-wrap:; break-word important; box-sizing:! Border-box! Important; "> foreign big data development situation of
! A report from the world economic forum said, "the great wealth of new data, the value of comparable oil". Big data will become a key factor in the future to improve competitiveness, the United States led by the attention of the developed countries, from the development strategy, data opening and big data applications in three areas to actively promote.
! "Style=" max-width: 100% word-wrap:; break-word important; box-sizing:! Border-box! Important; "> the implementation of big data strategy strong>
beauty! China will be big data as one of the key factors to strengthen national competitiveness, the big data research and production plans to raise the national strategic level, in 2012, investment 200 million U.S. dollars to implement the big data research and development program". Britain will be the big data as a strategic technology, to give high attention, launched a series of initiatives to support the development of large data, investment 189 million pounds in 2013 to support large data technology research and development. France released digital roadmap, announced that it will vigorously support the big data, including strategic high-tech, invested 300 million euros to promote the development of the field of large data funds. South Korea actively formulate development strategy of a series of big data, big data technology R & D project is regarded as "the will of the State Science and technology project", has allocated $200 million budget, will build to the use of big data of National Engineering in 2013 4 years. Singapore seize the opportunity of big data, strengthen the capacity building of government data analysis, to promote Singapore as a global data analysis center.
! "Style=" max-width: 100% word-wrap:; break-word important; box-sizing:! Border-box! Important; "> open government data resources
! The United States government to actively promote open data, not only requires the government to open new and processed data and machine readable, also in 2013 released "open data policy" executive order, public education, health data and other key areas of seven, and made clear requirements for the various government agencies open data. The implementation of "open data" project, the establishment of "data Britain" website data for public use and public data mining; the commercial potential for the British public sector, academic institutions and other aspects of the innovation and development of incubator environment". France in 2011 launched the "public information online sharing platform", including the national financial expenditure, air quality and other data. South Korea in Seoul city to create a "Seoul open data square", to provide users with ten types of public data information. Singapore also in 2011 to establish a government open data platform, open data from more than and 60 public institutions.
! "Style=" max-width: 100% word-wrap:; break-word important; box-sizing:! Border-box! Important; "> push large data widely used
! The U.S. government is actively using big data, 2012 issued a "digital government strategy", puts forward the coordinated manner, prompting the federal government to improve the collection, storage, preservation, management, analysis and sharing of data required for advanced core technology, and form a cohesive force, through big data technology to change the Federal government work, for the American people to provide better public services. British support for the development of big data in the field of medical, agricultural, commercial and academic research in financial and policy; in 2014, Britain announced the establishment of the Turing Institute of big data, to ensure that Britain's future development of big data in the leading position in the economy and society. The French government carried out a series of investment plan training emerging enterprises, software manufacturers, engineers, information systems designers solve through the development of innovative solutions, and is put into practice, promoting the French Development in the field of big data; France also use big data to promote the wisdom of city construction, reduce the cost of city management and improve the quality of life the goal of city residents. South Korea will build an open large data center, solve business problems or on the use of big data technology; commercial application of private enterprises also vigorously on big data technology; Seoul 2011 "wisdom Seoul 2015" plan proposed the use of big data to solve the public worries". Singapore a number of international leading enterprises to set up R & D center in the local big data, accelerate data analysis technology for commercial applications, support Singapore enterprises using big data technology, improve the level of government services using big data.
! "Style=" max-width: 100% word-wrap:; break-word important; box-sizing:! Border-box! Important; "> in Beijing big data development opportunities
IDC released the report predicts that China's big data technology and services market size will grow from $77 million 600 thousand in 2011 to $617 million in 2016, 5 years of compound growth rate of 51.4%. Chinese market size for the big data development provides a large space and large platform, our country in the province (city) to the level of big data come to the forefront of the world, Beijing has also ushered in a great opportunity for the development of large data.
! "Style=" max-width: 100% word-wrap:; break-word important; box-sizing:! Border-box! Important; "> data in line with the Beijing industrial structure adjustment and upgrade requirements
eighteen years, speeding up the adjustment and optimization of industrial structure in Beijing City, to encourage information technology and advanced technology in the integration of traditional industries, traditional industries let technology give greater vitality and higher quality, promote economic quality and efficiency upgrades. To achieve great commercial value of big data, can promote the upgrading of the industrial structure, improve the quality of development, will be able to speed up the transformation of traditional industries, promote the upgrading of the whole industrial system, the development of large data in line with the Beijing industrial structure adjustment and upgrade requirements.
! "Style=" max-width: 100% word-wrap:; break-word important; box-sizing:! Border-box! Important; "> Beijing has a good number of resource based
Beijing foster big data has the advantage of the original. Beijing science and technology resources, research and development strength, government agencies and large companies gathered, there is a strong data production capacity. Through the "Beijing science and technology, Zhongguancun (000931, shares) National Innovation Demonstration Zone Construction and a series of planning, the implementation of the strategy, Beijing has accumulated the largest scale and the most valuable data assets, has laid a good foundation for the development of large data.
! "Style=" max-width: 100% word-wrap:; break-word important; box-sizing:! Border-box! Important; "> bigger and powerful data window still exists
the world's big data applications in the early stages of development, bigger and stronger the possibility of a large data. From the industry point of view, big data applications showed a "ladder" pattern: the Internet industry is a big data application technology, finance, retail, telecommunications, public administration, health and other areas of actively trying to big data. From the data source, the application of big data is still in the self-sufficient era, the existing application is still in the data within the main body, open data and comprehensive application and large space; from a technical point of view, big data is still primary application, most applications are still using traditional analysis tools and process technology development also needs to be further advance.
! "Style=" max-width: 100% word-wrap:; break-word important; box-sizing:! Border-box! Important; "> big data technology requirements of
Beijing in massive data storage, mining, cloud computing and other technologies in the domestic leading position, and foreign big data technology hot spots, the development of large data encountered key technology is relatively easy to break through. The overall technological development level of big data, big data strategy of the United States and other traditional IT power are also in the stage of trial and error; relative to some other hardware, sophisticated technology, large data requirements for hardware infrastructure is relatively low, not trapped in the core element of the infrastructure is relatively backward. In terms of software, compared with the technical gap in the traditional database operation level, the technology gap between China and foreign countries is much smaller.
! "Style=" max-width: 100% word-wrap:; break-word important; box-sizing:! Border-box! Important; "> the development of big data suggest that
! Beijing city has been ahead of the layout in the big data development, formed a very fruitful achievements, such as promoting the openness of government information, and encourage the establishment of large data industry cluster, Zhongguancun big data industry association and trading platform, to build a big data platform of capital science and technology etc.. The next step, Beijing can combine its own huge advantage, the layout of large data. Especially to improve the data related laws and regulations and technical standards, continue to encourage the development of key technologies of general big data, further opening up of the government and other public sector data, overall planning of large data applications, develop related industries, carry out the "data driven innovation", to create a Beijing wisdom innovation center.
! "Style=" max-width: 100% word-wrap:; break-word important; box-sizing:! Border-box! Important; "> the development of large data related policies and industry standards
at the policy level, pay close attention to the evolution trend of the international legislation idea, combined with the big data technology development trends and specific national conditions, the situation of the relevant system of prospective study, make full use of the expert and the role of think tanks, mobilize the enthusiasm of the industry, to promote best practice, gradually formed the industry consensus, in the pilot after rising to mature and to promote the implementation of laws and regulations, to protect the healthy development of big data; technical standards in the industry level, accelerate the development of big data classification, file format, transmission protocol, access application interface etc..
! "Style=" max-width: 100% word-wrap:; break-word important; box-sizing:! Border-box! Important; "> encourage data general R & D
big data storage architecture makes the enterprise in the rapidly spreading gradually facing the test of There was no parallel in history. which triggered a series of chain reaction, the application of data warehouse, data mining, business intelligence, cloud computing and other technologies, it is imperative to upgrade. Beijing can seize the opportunity to increase the development of big data technology, based on advanced technology and common on R & D investment, such as real-time data processing, data storage management, interactive data visualization, cloud computing and application of correlation analysis technology; encourage the development of enterprises and scientific research institutions and technology research, gather force, and strive to achieve the breakthrough in the big data platform software; prospective and large data system to strengthen the direction of technology development, through the introduction of technology, independent research and innovative practice cultivation of big data technology independent and product technology level, cultivate the core of large data industry in the world.
! "Style=" max-width: 100% word-wrap:; break-word important; box-sizing:! Border-box! Important; "> push big data in the enterprise application and
big data can improve the prediction ability of social economic development, big data is not just information technology updates for China enterprises, is the enterprise strategy change, therefore, should actively encourage and guide enterprises to carry out the application of big data innovation, cultivating big data industry. At the same time, the government should also actively regulate and guide the commercialization of large data trading activities, to create favorable conditions for the circulation of data resources.
! "Style=" max-width: 100% word-wrap:; break-word important; box-sizing:! Border-box! Important; "> carry out" data driven innovation "
! "Style=" max-width: 100% word-wrap:; break-word important; box-sizing:! Border-box! Important; "> open public data resources to create a smart city of
big data applications bring a lot of changes in urban management and social life, reflecting the wisdom of the city. Some countries in the world will be a large number of data as part of its wisdom of urban planning, such as South Korea's wisdom Seoul 2015 program and the wisdom of the city of France construction. Beijing should conform to the trend, vigorously promote open data, according to the sensitivity classification of public data open government, determine the priority data open roadmapping steps; actively promote government and public sector application of information technology to enhance the social management level through big data, the establishment of intelligent administrative service to communicate with the public, built to adapt to the infrastructure of future life, promoting Beijing as a creative city of wisdom.
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