Why most robots use girls?

Female robot Nuance Cortana male

tengxunkeji· 2016-10-10 13:04:05

Align= >为什么大多数机器人使用女声?

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AI "editor's note" apple Siri virtual assistant is a woman's voice, Microsoft Cortana is also a woman's voice, why would appear such a situation?

people need a lot of things, such as the need for love, trust, time, patience, care, guidance and support. In childhood, all this usually comes from parents. But as adults, when parents no longer love us, we will go to other places to find these things.

and now, they're in our pockets, in our speakers, and in our cars. They lead us through the days and nights of the vocal robot - and many times, they use the mother's voice, not the father's voice.

then, what is the reason, let these robots use girls rather than boys?

> > > > intelligent assistant in the film from the female

said "you sound like a human, but you're just a voice in the computer," in the 2013 film "she", Theodore Samantha said on the digital assistant. Jacu Fenix (Joaquin Phoenix) as Theodore felt very much puzzled about this new robot friend. But by the end of the film, he has fallen in love with her.

"she" is a romantic story in twenty-first Century: the boy met the AI girl, they fell in love, and then the girl left him, to explore the possibility of survival. Samanthayuscarlett Johnson (Johansson Scarlett) voice. She's in Theodore's operating system, you can't see her. Theodore likes a no flesh and blood assistant.

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>为什么大多数机器人使用女声?

despite Samantha no body, but she Theodore such a lonely man but a big attraction. She was intelligent, creative, compassionate, and touched his heart, which was not done by other people, including his ex - wife. She did not have her own needs, and he did not ask for anything, not like a real partner. She was a refined, iconic woman: obedience, calm and gentle.

and she's still in the real tools.

commented on the "she" is an unusual praise, Johnson's voice was a lot of people's praise. But for the audience, this is also a very familiar scene: Samantha and now common robot sounds too much like the.

in fact, she and apple Siri, Microsoft, such as the small Na digital assistant is very similar. In the development of AI and digital equipment, the characteristics of women have been playing an important role in the development of digital devices.

> > > > the use of female robots everywhere we look at the history of the

robot girl: 1878, Emma Nat (Emma Nutt) to become the world's first female telephone operator. A film about the history of the PBS documentary telephone said that the company used to employ male employees to wiring, but they not only each other between words is so rude to customers, so companies with female operator to replace them. Female courtesy, very suitable for such a role as.

later, during the Second World War, women played a big role in the field and in the factory. Fighter aircraft using the "Betty Bitching" to the pilot issued a warning sound. "They used the female, especially in the war when the girl is out of the ordinary, can better attract male attention," Judy Edworth, a professor of Applied Psychology at the University of Plymouth (Judy Edworthy) in 2010 of the "New York Times" said.

为什么大多数机器人使用女声?

now, the girl is full of automation. GPS users to Karen Jacobson (Jacobsen Karen) is very familiar with the sound - she has its own website and Wikipedia page. New York city with Caroline Hopkins (Hopkins Carolyn) of the voice of the passenger train is about to arrive, to remind them to watch their luggage.

Susan Bennett (Susan Bennett) is the most famous apple's virtual assistant Siri voice, iPhone has helped millions of users find the nearest delicatessen (she was replaced in iOS7). Microsoft's voice is from Jan Taylor (Taylor Jen).

为什么大多数机器人使用女声?

Susan Bennett (Susan Bennett) Siri

为什么大多数机器人使用女声?

Microsoft Huna voice from Jane Taylor (Jen Taylor)

"I doubt they use the girls in anything related to the telephone, because the operator is always female," Bennett said. "I think we all have that mentality. I also think that the girl is more gentle, provides a more friendly way of information." (by the way, Bennett's voice is very different from that of Siri, but she sounds like Siri after eight degrees.)

>

; > > > psychological explanation

then what's the problem? Automatic speech system and robot sound can be made by means of hardware and electronics, but they are designed and produced by people who always have cultural and social prejudices, habits and impulses.

from the perspective of psychology, people tend to make a good response to the girl. In a report published in 2014 in the development of psychological biology, although the fetus will respond to the voices of both parents, but newborns like the mother's voice over the father's voice." In a 2010 study, researchers found that men say they love more girls, although they have no preference of male and female. While women are more willing to hear not only clear girl, actually also love girl.

specializes in human robot interaction Standford media professor Clifford Nath (Clifford Nass) in 2011 in an interview with CNN

said: "all the people love to find a girl, than to find a love for all boys easier. This is a recognized phenomenon, the evolution of the human brain to love girl." Expert Deborah Tane

, research professor of linguistics at Georgetown University

gender communication (Deborah Tannen) said that the girl can awaken the memory of my mother.

"you want your mother to look after you and do everything for you. The father: he's around, you'd better walk on tiptoe, he may be very busy, you may distract him, you should not disturb him, "she said. "To a certain extent, I think this is a relationship with the phenomenon of the Secretary," I think."

"secretary" phenomenon is also reflected in the female robot. This voice played a very specific role: it is a very capable assistant, helpful, just like a secretary with a bright sunshine.

"there is a" women ready to provide services for your feelings, like the role of the secretary is imposed on the woman OK, interrupted her OK, let her for your service is OK, "said the tower.

为什么大多数机器人使用女声?

> > > > what use the male?

but when it comes to authoritative information expression, often use male. "In the advertising industry is also like this," said Bennett Siri voice. "The men made a lot of money...... The voice of the sense of authority."

for example, movie trailers tend to use male narrative. "If not action, but a romantic comedy film studio, or would like to have a sense of authority and dramatic voice to create a great feeling of" agent Jeff Dennis (Jeff Danis) voice of "New York Times" said.

one thing to give people left a deep impression: in the last century, in 90s, BMW 5 Series sedan to the market, has been some criticism. The pre installed GPS system of the vehicle is female, but some German male drivers are unwilling to follow orders from a woman, call to BMW complained, so BMW recalled the system.

tower said, the voice of the robot need to display a lovely image, otherwise people will not trust them.

assistant for this role, you need them to have a generous heart, if you put these amiable and easy of approach, the quality of packaging into a girl, everyone will be recognized, "she said. "But if you use the male, people may have a negative impression of the male."

, however, is the company that designed the robot voice system, and it also has the responsibility to make sure that the product does not become a victim of gender stereotypes. Siri is voiced by Bennett's attitude is not optimistic, she said: "I think that in general, most companies don't even begin to consider the impact of ethics." But it is not impossible that some public transport now use a statement on the male voice, and now Siri has a male voice and accent options options.

Siri

behind the company Nuance claimed that the technology should be a service, to adapt to the way people communicate, rather than forcing people to adapt to the machine."

but people themselves have a deep-rooted cultural bias, "service for people" will encounter a series of specific risks and pitfalls. Maybe they should pay attention to the ending of "she" -- the design of the female assistant is to satisfy every user's idea, but she finally decided to explore her own needs. (compile /Kathy)

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